Blog de Raíz Cimentaciones

 

16 Feb

En ocasiones las viviendas presentan fisuras y grietas, o juntas que se separan. No todas las grietas son importantes ni necesitan un tratamiento. 

TIPO DE GRIETAS QUE PUEDEN APARECER EN VIVIENDAS

Las grietas pueden ser de varios tipos:

  • Grietas por cambios térmicos (dilatación/contracción): Se trata de un daño que aparece tanto en estructuras de hormigón como en mampostería y son causadas por cambios de volumen cuando varía la temperatura.

Grietas por cambios termicos

Imagen nº 1: Grietas por cambios térmicos.

  • Fisuras por cambios de humedad: Se trata de un daño producido en estructuras de mampostería de forma ramificada o poligonal (mapa).

Grietas por cambios de humedad

Imagen nº 2: Grietas por cambios de humedad.

  • Grietas por deformación de un forjado: Se producen generalmente en las zonas centrales de los forjados, que flexionan, provocando daños en los tabiques y soleras que apoyan sobre los mismos. Se trata de un problema estructural causado por un defecto constructivo o un exceso de carga.

Grietas por deformación de un forjado

Imagen nº 3: Grietas por deformación de un forjado.

  • Grietas por movimientos horizontales: Son habituales en los muros de contención que tienen empuje de tierras por un lado. Pueden producir grietas, desplazamiento, pandeo o vuelco.

Grietas por movimientos horizontales

Imagen nº 4: Grietas por movimientos horizontales.

  • Asentamientos diferenciales: El asiento puede ser puntual, con aparición de grietas verticales e inclinadas superpuestas, o continuo, con grietas en arco o semiarco, o grietas horizontales en toda la longitud.

Asentamientos diferenciales

Imagen nº 5: Asentamientos diferenciales.

Tipos de grietas como consecuencia de un asentamiento diferencial

Imagen nº 6: Tipos de grietas como consecuencia de un asentamiento diferencial.


El último tipo de daños, los provocados por asentamiento diferencial, son los que tratamos en la empresa Raíz Cimentaciones. Su causa son defectos de la cimentación y/o del terreno. Las más habituales son:

  • Un terreno de apoyo de la cimentación con escasa resistencia para el peso de la vivienda. Este terreno, que puede ser natural o un relleno, se deforma y se producen asentamientos desde el momento de la construcción.
  • Un terreno deteriorado por la circulación de agua. Suelen ser daños puntuales, junto a la zona por donde se produce el lavado del subsuelo. Esto produce asientos diferenciales inmediatos, que se prolongan hasta que se soluciona la causa de la infiltración de agua, el terreno se seca y se rellenan los huecos producidos.
  • Un terreno deteriorado por vibraciones. La circulación de maquinaria pesada o trabajos cercanos que producen vibraciones en el terreno pueden crear asentamientos diferenciales, por movimiento o compactación del terreno.
  • La presencia de arcillas expansivas en el terreno. Si el terreno presenta este material en su capa superficial (hasta 2 o 3 m), suele presentar movimientos por cambio de volumen relacionados con cambios de humedad, hinchando en invierno y colapsando en verano. Estos movimientos generan asentamientos diferenciales desde el momento de la construcción. Se trata de una patología degenerativa de la cimentación, con una afección más intensa y en una mayor superficie con el paso del tiempo.
  • Una cimentación inadecuada. En ocasiones el terreno presenta unas características favorables, pero la cimentación se ejecuta de forma incorrecta, con materiales de baja calidad o dimensiones insuficientes o directamente la cimentación es escasa o nula.

Todos estos problemas tienen solución. Lo más importante es hacer una correcta diagnosis del problema para poder encaminar la solución más adecuada. Por esto es recomendable que si tiene unas grietas en su casa llame a un técnico para que estudie las grietas y le recomiende cuales son las mejores soluciones. 


  • BLOG_RATING
  • 5056241 Veces

487015 comentarios

  • Enlace al Comentario Julieta Julieta 03/10/17

    What's up to all, the contents existing at this site
    are genuinely awesome for people experience, well, keep up the good work fellows.

  • Enlace al Comentario Hortense Hortense 03/10/17

    Definitely, what a fantastic website and enlightening posts, I definitely will bookmark your site.Have an awsome day!

  • Enlace al Comentario Noemi Noemi 03/10/17

    I do not know whether it's just me or if perhaps everyone
    else encountering problems with your site. It seems like some of the written text in your
    posts are running off the screen. Can somebody else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them too?
    This may be a problem with my web browser because I've had this happen before.
    Thanks

  • Enlace al Comentario Carolyn Carolyn 03/10/17

    I have been surfing online more than three hours today,
    yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough
    for me. Personally, if all web owners and bloggers made good
    content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.|
    I could not refrain from commenting. Exceptionally well written!|
    I'll immediately seize your rss feed as I can't to find
    your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service.
    Do you've any? Kindly permit me recognize so that I may subscribe.
    Thanks.|
    It is the best time to make some plans for the future and
    it's time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want
    to suggest you few interesting things or tips. Maybe you
    could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read
    even more things about it!|
    It is appropriate time to make some plans for the longer
    term and it is time to be happy. I have learn this put up
    and if I may I wish to recommend you few attention-grabbing issues or advice.
    Maybe you can write subsequent articles relating
    to this article. I wish to read more things approximately it!|
    I've been browsing on-line greater than 3 hours lately, but I never discovered any interesting article like yours.
    It is lovely worth sufficient for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers
    made excellent content material as you probably did,
    the net can be a lot more useful than ever before.|
    Ahaa, its nice dialogue on the topic of this paragraph at this place at this website, I have read all that, so
    at this time me also commenting at this place.|
    I am sure this paragraph has touched all the internet people, its really really pleasant piece of writing on building up new
    website.|
    Wow, this paragraph is nice, my younger sister is analyzing these things, thus I am going to tell her.|
    bookmarked!!, I really like your web site!|
    Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you
    writing this article plus the rest of the site is very good.|
    Hi, I do think this is an excellent web site. I stumbledupon it
    ;) I will come back once again since i have saved as a favorite it.
    Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to
    guide others.|
    Woah! I'm really digging the template/theme of this website.
    It's simple, yet effective. A lot of times it's challenging to get that "perfect balance"
    between superb usability and appearance. I must say that you've done a superb job
    with this. Also, the blog loads extremely quick for me on Firefox.
    Exceptional Blog!|
    These are in fact wonderful ideas in regarding blogging. You have
    touched some good things here. Any way keep up wrinting.|
    I really like what you guys tend to be up too.
    This kind of clever work and coverage! Keep up the terrific works guys I've added you guys to my blogroll.|
    Hi! Someone in my Facebook group shared this website with
    us so I came to look it over. I'm definitely enjoying the information. I'm bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers!
    Fantastic blog and fantastic style and design.|
    I like what you guys are up too. This sort of clever work and
    exposure! Keep up the good works guys I've included you guys to my personal blogroll.|
    Hello would you mind stating which blog platform you're working with?

    I'm looking to start my own blog in the near future but
    I'm having a hard time selecting between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and
    Drupal. The reason I ask is because your design and style seems different
    then most blogs and I'm looking for something completely unique.
    P.S Apologies for getting off-topic but I had to ask!|
    Howdy would you mind letting me know which web host you're utilizing?
    I've loaded your blog in 3 different web browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most.
    Can you recommend a good hosting provider at a reasonable price?
    Cheers, I appreciate it!|
    I really like it when folks get together and share thoughts.

    Great site, stick with it!|
    Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.

    Look advanced to far added agreeable from you!
    However, how can we communicate?|
    Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your content seem to
    be running off the screen in Opera. I'm not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with web browser
    compatibility but I thought I'd post to let you know.

    The layout look great though! Hope you get the issue solved soon. Cheers|
    This is a topic which is near to my heart... Cheers!
    Where are your contact details though?|
    It's very simple to find out any matter on net
    as compared to books, as I found this piece of writing at this web page.|
    Does your site have a contact page? I'm having a tough time locating it but, I'd like to shoot you an e-mail.
    I've got some recommendations for your blog you might be interested in hearing.
    Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it
    expand over time.|
    Hola! I've been reading your site for some time now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Houston Tx!
    Just wanted to mention keep up the excellent work!|
    Greetings from Florida! I'm bored to tears at
    work so I decided to browse your website on my
    iphone during lunch break. I really like the knowledge
    you present here and can't wait to take a look when I get home.
    I'm shocked at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone
    .. I'm not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, good blog!|
    Its like you read my thoughts! You seem to grasp so much about this,
    like you wrote the e book in it or something.
    I think that you just could do with some percent to drive the message home a little bit, however other than that, this is great blog.
    A great read. I'll definitely be back.|
    I visited many web sites but the audio feature for audio songs present at this web
    page is actually excellent.|
    Howdy, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if
    you get a lot of spam responses? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything
    you can recommend? I get so much lately it's driving me insane
    so any support is very much appreciated.|
    Greetings! Very useful advice within this article!
    It's the little changes that produce the most significant
    changes. Many thanks for sharing!|
    I seriously love your website.. Great colors & theme.
    Did you build this site yourself? Please reply back as
    I'm attempting to create my very own site and would like to learn where
    you got this from or just what the theme is called. Many thanks!|
    Hi there! This article could not be written much better!
    Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate!

    He continually kept talking about this. I will forward this article
    to him. Pretty sure he's going to have a good read.
    Many thanks for sharing!|
    Wow! This blog looks just like my old one! It's on a totally different topic but it has pretty much the same layout
    and design. Wonderful choice of colors!|
    There's certainly a great deal to find out about this topic.
    I like all of the points you've made.|
    You've made some decent points there. I checked on the net to find out more about the issue and found most people
    will go along with your views on this web site.|
    Hello, I read your new stuff regularly. Your writing style is awesome, keep doing what you're doing!|
    I simply couldn't go away your site before suggesting that I actually
    loved the usual info a person supply on your visitors?
    Is gonna be back steadily to check up on new posts|
    I want to to thank you for this great read!! I definitely loved every little bit of it.
    I have got you bookmarked to look at new things you post…|
    Hello, just wanted to tell you, I liked this article. It was practical.
    Keep on posting!|
    Hi there, I enjoy reading through your article post.

    I like to write a little comment to support you.|
    I every time spent my half an hour to read this weblog's posts all
    the time along with a mug of coffee.|
    I constantly emailed this web site post page to all my associates, because if like
    to read it then my links will too.|
    My developer is trying to convince me to move to
    .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because
    of the costs. But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using Movable-type on various websites for about
    a year and am anxious about switching to another
    platform. I have heard excellent things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it?

    Any kind of help would be really appreciated!|
    Good day! I could have sworn I've visited this website before but after browsing through some of the posts I realized it's
    new to me. Nonetheless, I'm certainly pleased I came across it and I'll
    be book-marking it and checking back regularly!|
    Great article! That is the kind of info that should be shared across the net.
    Disgrace on Google for no longer positioning this publish
    higher! Come on over and discuss with my site . Thanks =)|
    Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out
    a lot. I hope to give something back and help others like you
    helped me.|
    Hi there, There's no doubt that your site could possibly be having internet browser compatibility issues.
    When I look at your site in Safari, it looks fine however,
    if opening in I.E., it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to give you a quick heads
    up! Other than that, great website!|
    Someone necessarily help to make critically articles I would
    state. This is the first time I frequented your website
    page and thus far? I amazed with the analysis you made to make this particular submit amazing.
    Wonderful activity!|
    Heya i'm for the primary time here. I found this board and I find
    It truly helpful & it helped me out a lot. I'm hoping to present something back and help others such as you aided me.|
    Hello! I simply wish to give you a big thumbs up for
    your great information you have here on this post. I will be returning to your blog for more soon.|
    I always used to study paragraph in news papers but now as I am a user of web therefore from now I am
    using net for posts, thanks to web.|
    Your mode of explaining all in this piece of writing is actually good, all can effortlessly know it, Thanks a lot.|
    Hello there, I found your site via Google at the same time as searching for a
    related topic, your website came up, it looks great.
    I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, simply was alert to your blog thru Google, and located that it
    is really informative. I am going to be careful for brussels.
    I will appreciate in case you proceed this in future.
    Lots of folks can be benefited from your writing. Cheers!|
    I'm curious to find out what blog system you're working with?
    I'm having some minor security problems with my latest blog and I would like to find something more safe.
    Do you have any suggestions?|
    I'm extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your weblog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?
    Either way keep up the excellent quality writing,
    it is rare to see a great blog like this one today.|
    I'm really inspired together with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your weblog.
    Is that this a paid subject matter or did you customize it
    your self? Either way stay up the excellent high quality writing, it's rare to look a great blog like this one nowadays..|
    Hello, Neat post. There's a problem together with your
    website in web explorer, may check this? IE still is the market leader and
    a good section of other people will miss your excellent writing due to
    this problem.|
    I'm not sure where you're getting your information, but
    good topic. I needs to spend some time learning
    much more or understanding more. Thanks for magnificent information I was looking for this information for my mission.|
    Hello, i think that i saw you visited my site so i came to “return the favor”.I am trying to find things to enhance my site!I suppose its ok to use
    a few of you
    \

  • Enlace al Comentario Leigh Leigh 03/10/17

    An intriguing discussion is definitely worth comment.
    I think that you ought to publish more on this subject
    matter, it may not be a taboo matter but typically people
    do not talk about such topics. To the next!
    Many thanks!!

  • Enlace al Comentario Levi Levi 03/10/17

    Simply desire to say your article is as astounding. The clarity on your put
    up is just spectacular and that i could assume you're knowledgeable in this subject.
    Fine along with your permission let me to snatch your RSS feed to stay updated with impending
    post. Thanks one million and please carry on the gratifying work.

  • Enlace al Comentario Gladis Gladis 03/10/17

    Link exchange is nothing else except it is just placing the other person's website link on your page at appropriate place and
    other person will also do same for you.

  • Enlace al Comentario Gary Gary 03/10/17

    I was able to find good information from your articles.

  • Enlace al Comentario Kelley Kelley 03/10/17

    It's fantastic that you are getting thoughts from this article as well as from
    our discussion made at this time. http://ccsfitness.co/groups/the-argument-about-driving-games/

  • Enlace al Comentario Erma Erma 03/10/17

    Cheap cross cut shredder-offers - office equipment.

Deja un comentario

¿Quiere una inspección gratuita y/o un presupuesto sin compromiso?

Realizamos inspecciones, presupuestos gratuitos e informes.

TELÉFONO DE CONTACTO

+34 916 207 797

EMAIL DE CONTACTO

HORARIO

Lun. - Vie. (08:00 - 18:00)