Blog de Raíz Cimentaciones


21 Nov

Diferencia entre grieta y fisura

Muy a menudo encontramos a personas preocupadas que nos comentan la aparición de un grieta en alguna de las paredes de su casa, sin embargo al acudir a realizar una primera inspección descubrimos que tan solo se trata de una fisura. Y es que es muy común entre la población llamar grieta a todo tipo de fisuras.

Con el objetivo de evitar este tipo de malentendidos y agobios, desde Raíz Cimentaciones queremos destacar las principales diferencias que existen entre estas.  Sin embargo, recalcamos: ante la duda es imprescindible acudir a un técnico.

Entendemos como grietas todas aquellas aberturas incontroladas de un elemento superficial que afectan a todo su espesor y como fisuras aquellas aberturas incontroladas que afectan solamente a la superficie del elemento o a su acabado superficial.

Las fisuras son, por tanto, solo un problema estético. Daños superficiales que se producen sobre el material que recubre la pared o el techo (pintura, yeso, escayola…), que puede acabar desprendiéndose, y que se generan por la mala calidad de este material, vibraciones, cambios de temperatura o el movimiento natural del edificio.

En las fisuras no suele entrar ni una aguja y tienen una fácil solución: picar el material de recubrimiento, tapar y volver a pintar. Debemos tener cuidado de que el agua no se filtre por ninguna de estas fisuras de manera que pueda afectar a la resistencia de algún elemento.

Las grietas en cambio suponen un daño estructural y pueden llegar a ser muy peligrosas, afectando a la integridad del edificio. Son roturas profundas que suelen tener una abertura de un centímetro y que se producen en los elementos principales de la estructura como pilares o muros de carga. Las grietas suelen aparecer por un mal cálculo de la presión que pueden soportar estos elementos o por un asentamiento diferencial.

Sea cual sea la causa, lo que está claro es que es un problema serio que necesita la actuación de un especialista que encuentre el origen de la grieta, la progresión de esta y la solución más adecuada.

En Raíz Cimentaciones somos especialistas en hacer desaparecer las grietas de las construcciones, realizando trabajos de recalce de la cimentación y/o de consolidación del terreno. ¡Además realizamos inspecciones gratuitas y presupuestos sin ningún tipo de compromiso!

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