Blog de Raíz Cimentaciones


09 Feb

¿Qué características tiene una casa sismorresistente?

Hace unos días hicimos una pequeña introducción sobre el tema de los edificios resistentes a terremotos. Hoy, desde Raíz Cimentaciones, queremos profundizar un poco más (una buena base nunca viene mal ;) ) en las características concretas que debe tener un edificio para ser lo más resistente posible a los movimientos de tierra.

  1. La forma de la vivienda tiene que ser lo más simétrica posible ya que, en caso de que no lo sea, existe una mayor probabilidad de que se produzca una torsión en su planta durante un terremoto. Los muros también tienen que ser simétricos (mismo número de muros en ambas direcciones).
  2. Los huecos de las puertas y de las ventanas deben encontrarse en el límite de las vigas y de manera simétrica en cada planta. Además, su tamaño no debe superar más de la mitad del muro.
  3. Las masas que conforman el edificio deben estar distribuidas de forma uniforme, tanto en planta como en altura. Además, mientras más estructuras rígidas haya en el primer nivel, como muros o paredes, mayor será la resistencia.
  4. La calidad de los materiales es uno de los factores esenciales que debemos tener en cuenta a la hora de construir una vivienda. Cuanto mejor sea la calidad de estos, mayor será su capacidad de absorción de la energía producida por el temblor. En Raíz Cimentaciones hacemos hincapié en la importancia del hormigón armado y del acero para que el edificio pueda oscilar de la manera adecuada sin llegar a desplomarse.
  5. Por último, nos gustaría hablar de la cimentación, como ya sabéis uno de nuestros términos favoritos, y clave a la hora de construir una vivienda. Como muchas veces hemos comentado, cada suelo tiene una cimentación específica en función de su profundidad, forma y tamaño; por ello es imprescindible realizar un estudio previo que nos permita reducir posibles deformaciones futuras.

Recuerda que en Raíz Cimentaciones realizamos los informes y cálculos necesarios para la mejor estabilización de una estructura. 

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640 comentarios

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